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Compete Extreme Electrolytes

$16.00 NZD

Extreme

Replaces electrolytes lost during exercise in extreme conditions.

Suitable for Endurance, Racing, prolonged exercise and extreme conditions.

Contains: Chloride, Potassium, Sodium, Sulphate, Carbonate, Calcium, Ammonium,  Magnesium.

Dose Rate: up to 12g /100kg (60g 1500kg horse) daily.

 

PACK SIZES:1kg, 2.5kg,10kg and 25kg.

Electrolytes are fundamental for the control of membrane potential, muscle contractions, nerve conduction and many enzymatic reactions. The typical diet of the performance horse is often deficient in key salts.

 

Fluids within the body play a vital role in every day life by carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide around the body, as well as removing waste and distributing enzymes and hormones to their target tissues. In order for this system to operate efficiently, body cells must have a balanced environment. This means the fluid in and around them must have a balanced composition, volume, temperature and distribution.

Maintenance of this fluid balance is of critical importance to the performance animal. Relatively minor changes can have disastrous effects on performance. Loss of fluid  balance through dehydration will quickly reduce the capacity for training to peak fitness, and can lead to muscle damage in extreme cases.

Cell activity requires electrical energy, but water (which makes up two thirds of the body) is a poor conductor. Thus, the body requires soluble salts (electrolytes) to give it that power. It needs a continuous supply of the key electrolytes -sodium(Na),potassium (K), chloride (Cl),and bicarbonate (HC03). Horses do not "store" sodium, potassium or chloride from one day to the next. Therefore, daily electrolytes are necessary for horses excreting salts in sweat.

There are many of opinions about appropriate electrolyte dose rates. Its generally agreed that small amounts of electrolytes can be safely given to most horses before they reach a critical depletion point. While high rates of electrolyte supplementation are probably not necessary on a daily basis, relatively high levels of electrolyte administration may be appropriate during an event, or after harder training.

Electrolyte administration will be most effective if the horse is actively drinking, and should be given only under the supervision of a veterinarian if the horse is already very dehydrated  or experiencing metabolic problems.

While administration of  electrolytes without water can create problems, administration  of water without electrolytes may also be detrimental to a dehydrated horses. A veterinarian should be consulted to determine what combination of fluid and electrolytes is most beneficial for a very dehydrated or exhausted horse.

Electrolyte Requirements

Studies have shown that the body salt requirements and losses are influenced by all of these inter-related factors:

Type of work

Fast (Short duration/high intensity)

Slow (Long duration/low intensity)

Sweat output

Normal (up to 1OL/day)

Heavy  (up to 30L/day)

Very heavy (up to 60L:day)

Climatic conditions

Temperature relative to humidity

Reasonable strategies for horses that are competing or in work, as a result have large sweat losses include the following:

Give small doses of electrolytes at rest periods, before the horse gets dehydrated. Choose an electrolyte appropriate for the level and breed of the horse.

Make sure water is available and encourage the horse to drink. If possible, keep track of about how much water the horse is consuming. Like water, electrolytes can be retained in and then absorbed from the large intestine, so adding some electrolytes to the diet just prior to the

event may be helpful.

Once the event is over  ,monitor the horse carefully. Although it is not always convenient, it may be best to wait several hours after finishing a long ride or event before transporting the horse home. Transportation can be a dehydrating experience on s own, and transporting an already dehydrated horse may increase the potential for more serious problems such as colic.

 

 

 

 

 

Key Dietary Salts

Sodium

•             Maintains osmotic pressure

•             Responsible for water regulation

•             Involved in blood viscosity

•             Important  in neuro-muscular function

 

 

 

•             Activates enzyme systems to facilitate absorption of glucose and other nutrients from the gut and kidneys

 

Chloride

•             Maintains acid: base ratio

•             Involved in muscle physiology

•             Essential for manufacturing hydrochloric acid (for digestion)

 

Potassium

•             Important for muscles

•             Activates enzyme systems

•             Required for the flow of electrical impulses along the

nerves

•             Absorbed gradually, allowing the kidneys time to clear any excess through urinary excretion before it can build up to dangerous levels in the blood.

•             Deficiency causes muscular weakness and cramping. It can also cause irregularities of the heart.

 

Bicarbonate

•             Important buffer, neutralising acids produced by

metabolism

•             Aids in the transport of waste carbon dioxide in the blood

Magnesium

•             Essential for muscle contraction

•             Acts as a buffer, helping to prevent the build up of lactic acid

•             Important in neurological pathways

Ammonium

•             Rushes and cleans

•             Removes toxins

Calcium

•             Cell membrane function

•             Blood coagulation

•             Neuromuscular  functions

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